The immediate impact of an oil slick is the mass death of fish and turtles and of birds because they cannot fly with wings coated by heavy oil. Because the oil forms a film on the surface, it reduces the amount of light and oxygen passing into the water. This suffocates marine life or causes it to go into a state of "heat coma".
The oil destabilizes the entire marine food chain, beginning with plankton, microscopic organisms that live in ocean depths, being deprived of the sunlight they need to make food. The death of plankton means death for marine animals that feed on them and so on up the food chain to humans.
Toxic chemicals leached from the oil and some of the oil itself sink to the seabed, damaging coral reefs and endangering the fish. In oil spilled during the Gulf war, suspended oil-tar balls threatened to wreck desalination plants.
For any further query and to overcome the situation please contact us at : Bio Management Northwest, 18601 76th Ave W, Suite 102, Edmonds, WA 98026, telephone No.: 206-582-0583.
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